Il calendario Solar Hijara è uno dei sistemi di calendario più accurati al mondo. È anche noto come il calendario persiano, calendario iraniano e SH. Calendario. Un anno, nel calendario Solar Hijara è diviso in 12 mesi di lunghezza variabile. I primi 6 mesi includono 31 giorni e i mesi 7-11 includono 30 giorni. L’ultimo mese, Isfand, ha 29 giorni in un anno ordinario e 30 giorni in un anno bisestile. Le prime forme di calcolo di tempo in Iran risalgono al secondo millennio a.e.v .Un certo numero di sistemi calendario diversi furono utilizzati in Persia durante i secoli, incluso il calendario zoroastriano e il calendario islamico. La prima versione del moderno calendario Solar Hijri, il calendario Jalali, fu sviluppata nell’XI secolo da un gruppo di astronomi, tra cui si trova il nome dello scienziato persiano Omar Khayyam.
Iran uses three official calendar systems, including the Solar Hijri calendar as the main and national calendar, the Gregorian calendar for international events and Christian holidays, and the Islamic calendar (Lunar calendar) for Islamic holidays.
The surfeit of public holidays has been a subject of concern for almost 30 years. A substantial number of unofficial holidays are added each year to the national holidays that further aggravate the situation.
|11 Feb 2018||Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution||The anniversary of Islamic revolution is celebrated on 11 February 1979 and Iranian marches toward Azadi Tower. This political celebration held on the last day of Fajr decade.|
|19 Feb 2018||Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatemah||The only child of the Islamic prophet Muhammad|
|20 Mar 2018||Oil Nationalization Day||A movement in the Iranian parliament (Majlis) to nationalize Iran’s oil industry led by Mohammad Mosaddegh|
|21 Mar to 24 Mar 2018||Nowruz Holiday||Iranian New Year, also known as the Persian New Year, which is celebrated worldwide by the Iranians|
|31 Mar 2018||Birthday of Imam Ali||First Imam of Shia Islam|
|1 Apr 2018||Islamic Republic Day||Changing the Pahlavi dynasty with an Islamic Republic|
|2 Apr 2018||Prophet’s Ascension in Iran||Sizdah Be-dar is celebrated on the thirteenth day of Nowruz, the Iranian New Year. It is celebrated by leaving houses to join nature, and spending the day outdoors|
|14 Apr 2018||Eid al-Mab’ath||The Anniversary of the day Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received his first revelation and was chosen as Allah’s final messenger.|
|2 May 2018||Birthday of Imam Mahdi||Muhammad ibn Hasan al-Mahdī also known as Imam Zaman (Persian: امام زمان ), is believed by Twelver Shī’a Muslims to be the Mahdī, an ultimate savior of humankind|
|4 Jun 2018||Demise of Imam Khomeini||The founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution|
|5 Jun 2018||Khordad National Uprising (1963)||The public protest against the arrest of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini|
|6 Jun 2018||Martyrdom of Imam Ali||Assassination of Ali the fourth (last) Sunni Rashidun caliph and first Shia Imam|
|15th & 16th Jun 2018||Eid al-Fitr||An important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan|
|9 Jul 2018||Martyrdom of Imam Sadeq||The sixth Shia Imam|
|22 Aug 2018||Eid al-Adha||Aka the “Sacrifice Feast”, is the second of two Muslim holidays celebrated worldwide each year, and considered the holier of the two.|
|30 Aug 2018||Eid al-Ghadir||An event when Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his family) designated his cousin Hazrat Ali as the first in the continuing line of hereditary Imams.|
|19 Sep 2018||Tassoua Day||The major religious commemoration of the martyrdom at Karbala of Hussein, a grandson of the Prophet Muhammad.|
|20 Sep 2018||Ashura Day||These days are the most important day of Shiite Islam’s religious celebration – Martyrdom of Imam Hossein|
|30 Oct 2018||Arbaeen||The 40 day after martyrdom of Hussein|
|7 Nov 2018||Death of Prophet Muhammad & Martyrdom of Imam Hasan|
|8 Nov 208||Martyrdom of Imam Reza||The eighth Shi’ite Imam|
|25 Nov 2018||Birthday of Muhammad and Imam Sadeq||The sixth Shia Imam|
|25 Nov 2018||Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday||The prophet and founder of Islam|
|December 21th 2016||Yalda Night||Iranian festival celebrated on the “longest and darkest night of the year” the victorious of sun against the darkness.|
|January 16th 2017||Bahmangan||day of Good Thoughts and celebrating animal creation|
|February 11th 2017||Revolution Day in Islamic Republic of Iran|
|February 18th 2017||Esfandgan||day of Love and Women, celebrating the earth|
|March 02nd 2017||Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatemah|
|April 21st 2016||Birthday of Imam Ali|
|March 20th 2016||Oil Nationalization Day|
|March 21st – April 02nd 2017||Nowruz, Persian New Year||New Year’s holidays that’s the most perfect time of the year for visiting Iranian ceremonies.|
|April 01st 2017||Islamic Republic Day|
|April 02nd 2017||Sizdehbedar||The Nature Day. On this day everyone stays out of doors thus repulsing evil according to an ancient traditions.|
|April 11th 2017||Imam Ali’s Birthday|
|April 25th 2017||The Prophet’s Ascension|
|May 12th 2017||Imam Mahdi’s Birthday|
|May 27th 2017||Ramadan 2017 will begin|
|June 04th 2017||Demise of Imam Khomeini|
|June 05th 2017||Khordad National Uprising (1963)|
|June 16th 2017||Martyrdom of Imam Ali|
|June 26th 2017||Eid Al-Fitr||End of Ramadan*|
|July 20th 2017||Martyrdom of Imam Sadeq|
|September 02nd 2017||Eid-e-Ghorban||Feast of Abraham Sacrifice|
|September 09th 2017||Eid Al-Ghadir|
|September 30th 2017||Tassoua||These days are the most important day of Shiite Islam’s religious celebration – Martyrdom of Imam Hossein|
|October 01st 2017||Ashura|
|November 10th 2017||Arbaeen|
|November 19th 2017||Martyrdom of Imam Reza|
|December 06th 2017||Birthday of Prophet Muhammad|
|December 21st 2017||Deygan||Day of Ahuramazda, the God|
*In Zoroastrian month each day has a special name, it almost include one of the month name such as Mehr, Bahman and so on. When the name of the day and month are matched Zoroastrian name them as Mehregan and… and take a party as celebrating those days.
*In Ramazan month most of the people are fasting and all the restaurant and coffee shops are closed until sunset.
*Christian, Jewish, and Zoroastrian have their own holidays.
*December 25 (Christmas) is not a national holiday in Iran.