Damghan with the height of 170 m above sea level is connected to the Kavir desert from south, southern hillside of Alborz from the north, Semnan city from the west and Shahrood from east and enjoys a partly arid and cool climate in winter and moderate climate in summer.
Damghan consists of 2 parts naming “Amirabad”,”Markazi”, four cities and rural districts. According to this area climatic situation, this city enjoys a good agriculture. In addition to crops and vegetables, pistachio is the most important agricultural products of this area that is the most desirable Iranian and universal pistachio.
Damghan’s Tarikhane mosque, Tape Hesar, Pir Alamdar tower, Cheshme Ali and the wall around the city are the signs of civilization and culture of past periods in this area. Damghan industry is limited to Chit Zani (a type of etching) and cotton cloth weaving.
Damghan is highly rich in mine. There are lots of lead, magnetite, gold and coal mine in the mountains near to this city. This city is one of the tourist areas based on its nature, history and remaining monuments. The people of Damghan speak in Farsi but they pronounce the diacritic of words and letters unlike the Persian grammar book. Also, there is a relation between their accents and the accent of people in Khorasan. The religion of Damghan people is Shia.

Tarikhane (means God’s house, the house of God) is one of the Damghan heritages, before the domination of Arabs in Iran, which initially was a fire temple and then turned into a mosque over the centuries and has been repeatedly repaired.

The Damghan Tarikhane Mosque is one of the oldest and the first mosques of Iran, where a minaret was built for that. Its new building is related to the second century and the building style of the Sassanid era. The building plan is based on columned bed-chamber and its basic design is based on the central courtyard style. There is an almost large square courtyard with 22 porches with the cross arches on circular columns around the yard which is opened in the main central yard.

The brick minaret with 25 meters height was added to this building during the Seljuk reign in 420 AD. Its body has very beautiful bricked decorated in Seljuk style. The mosque minarets width is about 6.5 square meters and its circumference is about 13 meters at the bottom gradually reduced and reached to 6.8 meters at the top of it.

Tarikhaneh Tarikhaneh